Day 29 – 30 Days, 30 Readings: From Wallace Stevens’ “Man with the Blue Guitar”

The Old Guitarist
The Old Guitarist (Photo credit: khowaga1)

I have thought of my son Jonathan in relation to this poem, ever since he picked out this blue Dean guitar at my brother-in-law’s music shop. We were looking for laptops at the time, for a birthday present, but he said he would be happier to upgrade to a better guitar instead. How could I turn him down when he decided he would rather play music than upgrade his technology?

Sorry I am late with this one, by more than an hour my time, but technology has certainly not been a friend tonight. I am not sure why but I couldn’t add this video footage of his playing in between the segments of the poem. I am not sure if it was the fault of Movie Maker or if it was the fault of my laptop mouse pad and clicker–probably a combination of both that kept shutting the program down without saving my work.

Here’s why it was such a nightmare: The poem I selected for tonight is amazing, and enigmatic, but it is also long. I cut it way down, and then after recording I cut it down even further so that it is just over five minutes, the lengthiest recording of the month. Losing all that work, not once, but twice put me past my deadline. Of course, Alex Fyffe reminded me that it was not yet midnight his time, and I thought, well, it’s even earlier on the West Coast. I am not intimidated by my Irish family’s schedule; they are always five hours ahead of me and there is just no help for it.

So late or not, here it is, as best as I could produce it before I get a new mouse tomorrow and hopefully solve this problem. For the entire poem you should click here.

For the abridged version that I bring you in the video, just scroll down as usual. The entire thing is 33 Cantos. I bring you Cantos 1 – 6, 12, 20 and 32-33. I think that keeps enough continuity without taking up all our data. As for meaning? Oh, you are kidding me, right? You want me to explicate this monster after the nightmare of editing I had tonight? No way!

Well, okay, just this much. The poem was written in 1937, but they say it was inspired Stevens’ looking at the painting at the top of this post, Picasso’s “Old Guitarist.” I’m not sure I buy it. But it’s possible. If true, he changed things in the poem. In the painting it is the man who appears blue, not the guitar. But the poem does seem to deal with the struggle between modernism and realism, presented it seems as a tension between art itself, the imagination, and hard core reality. I can relate in those first lines. When I tell people I am a poet, and they think, yes, but what do you really do.

The poem seems to be in at least two voices, but I confess that I get a little lost after a while, trying to decide whose voice is whose. But perhaps that is Stevens arguing with himself over these issues? Maybe he is as uncertain as I am? In the end, I must make apology to my friends who know that I hate difficult bullshit poetry, the kind that is difficult just so that the poet can sit on his high, untouchable horse, in the impenetrable armor of his ego and leave us all feeling intimidated by his obviously superior intellect. Oh, Elliot had his moments, I’ll tell you, and he has many modern followers who honestly piss me off. Having said that, I think this is more magical and intriguing in it’s ambiguity and difficulty. I don’t mind a puzzle or an enigma if it is one that also delights and interests me. Besides ambiguity is not the same as intentional obtuseness. In fact, I think it ought to be embraced.


by Wallace Stevens


The man bent over his guitar,
A shearsman of sorts. The day was green.

They said, “You have a blue guitar,
You do not play things as they are.”

The man replied, “Things as they are
Are changed upon the blue guitar.”

And they said then, “But play, you must,
A tune beyond us, yet ourselves,

A tune upon the blue guitar
Of things exactly as they are.”


I cannot bring a world quite round,
Although I patch it as I can.

I sing a hero’d head, large eye
And bearded bronze, but not a man,

Although I patch him as I can
And reach through him almost to man.

If to serenade almost to man
Is to miss, by that, things as they are,

Say that it is the serenade
Of a man that plays a blue guitar.


Ah, but to play man number one,
To drive the dagger in his heart,

To lay his brain upon the board
And pick the acrid colors out,

To nail his thought across the door,
Its wings spread wide to rain and snow,

To strike his living hi and ho,
To tick it, tock it, turn it true,

To bang it from a savage blue,
Jangling the metal of the strings…


So that’s life, then: things are they are?
It picks its way on the blue guitar.

A million people on one string?
And all their manner in the thing,

And all their manner, right and wrong,
And all their manner, weak and strong?

And that’s life, then” things as they are,
This buzzing of the blue guitar.


Do not speak to us of the greatness of poetry,
Of the torches wisping in the underground,

Of the structure of vaults upon a point of light.
There are no shadows in our sun,

Day is desire and night is sleep.
There are no shadows anywhere.

The earth, for us, is flat and bare.
There are no shadows. Poetry

Exceeding music must take the place
Of empty heaven and its hymns,

Ourselves in poetry must take their place,
Even in the chattering of your guitar.


A tune beyond us as we are,
Yet nothing changed by the blue guitar;

Ourselves in the tune as if in space,
Yet nothing changed, except the place

Of things as they are and only the place
As you play them, on the blue guitar,

Placed so, beyond the compass of change,
Perceived in a final atmosphere;

For a moment final, in the way
The thinking of art seems final when

The thinking of god is smoky dew.
The tune is space. The blue guitar

Becomes the place of things as they are,
A composing of senses of the guitar.


Tom-tom, c’est moi. the blue guitar
And I are one. The orchestra

Fills the high hall with shuffling men
High as the hall. The whirling noise

Of a multitude dwindles, all said,
To his breath that lies awake at night.

I know that timid breathing. Where
Do I begin and end? And where,

As I strum the thing, do I pick up
That which momentously declares

Itself not to be I and yet
Must be. It could be nothing else.


What is there in life except one’s ideas.
Good air, good friend, what is there in life?

Is it ideas that I believe?
Good air, my only friend, believe,

Believe would be a brother full
Of love, believe would be a friend

Friendlier than my only friend,
Good air. Poor pale, poor pale guitar…


Throw away the lights, the definitions,
And say of what you see in the dark

That it is this or that it is that,
But do not use the rotted names.

How should you walk in that space and know
Nothing of the madness of space,

Nothing of its jocular procreations?
Throw the lights away. Nothing must stand

Between you and the shapes you take
When the crust of shape has been destroyed.

You as you are? You are yourself.
The blue guitar surprises you.


That generation’s dream, aviled
In the mud, in Monday’s dirty light,

That’s it, the only dream they knew,
Time in its final block, not time

To come, a wrangling of two dreams.
Here is the bread of time to come,

Here is its actual stone. The bread
Will be our bread, the stone will be

Our bed and we shall sleep by night.
We shall forget by day, except

The moments when we choose to play
The imagined pine, the imagined jay.

9 Replies to “Day 29 – 30 Days, 30 Readings: From Wallace Stevens’ “Man with the Blue Guitar””

  1. Ah, Stevens! I was hoping you’d take on this other poet-of-the-mind this month. Beautifully done, and very much worth the wait. (Hope your blood pressure has returned to normal after all the maddening tech trouble.) Cheers!


  2. It was a great reading and i loved the snaps back to your son on his guitar. It’s hard to believe that this poem was written in the 1930’s. It seems to be about the changing nature of the social world we live in and how as artists we need to express our unique version of reality in all seasons of our life. ……..I totally just made that up off the top of my head.LOL.


  3. Wow. I got a mention in a post 8>}

    Yes, time is relatively relative, so late for you is early for someone in Portland, which means it wasn’t really late at all.

    Good job keeping this up. Looking forward to the big season finale.


    1. Been working on it all day, well, playing at it. The work is happening now. 🙂 Thanks for watching. It’s a huge thrill to know that people are getting into this.


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